Golconda diamonds

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Golconda diamonds

Did you know that the very first diamonds were found in India and that many famous diamonds come from this country?

Today it is known as Hyderabad but more than 2000 years ago this region was the Kingdom of Golconda where diamonds were first mined as early as the 4th century BC and probably even earlier.

Marco Polo mentioned about diamonds in the 13th century when he wrote his manuscript about his famous travels.

The famous French traveller and jeweller Jean Baptist Tavernier wrote a two volume book in the years 1676 and 1677 in which he describes his 6 travels to this area.

The colourless diamonds of Golconda are famous for their exceptional transparency and were described by Tavernier as being the “first water” or “perfect water”.

A good example of this colour is the  Koh I Noor diamond with its weight of 105.60 ct. it is one of the most famous diamonds and is set in the platinum crown of Queen Elisabeth and worn during the coronation of her husband George VI in 1937.

It can now be admired in the Tower of London where it is part of the exhibition of the crown jewels.


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